Health Impact

Blood Pressure

  • Excess sodium raises your blood pressure.
  • Optimal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mmHg.
  • A blood pressure of greater than 140/90 mmHg is the clinical definition of hypertension. One in four adults in Canada has hypertension.
  • Reducing your blood pressure by just 10/5 mmHg by lifestyle change or medication reduces your risk of heart failure by 50 per cent, stroke by 30 per cent, heart attack by 15 per cent and premature death by 10 per cent.
    • Be physically active for 30 to 60 minutes most days.
    • Eat healthier foods: lean meat, fish and poultry, vegetables, fruit, low-fat dairy products, and whole grains.
    • Limit alcohol consumption to 1-2 drinks per day or less.
    • If you are overweight, losing 5kg (10lbs) will lower blood pressure. Cut back on the sugar and white starchy food.
    • Stop smoking.
    • In addition to reducing sodium intake, these lifestyle changes will reduce your blood pressure.

In addition to its role in Stroke and heart disease, high sodium consumption has been linked to other diseases such as:

  • Obesity
  • Cancer
  • Asthma
  • Osteoporosis
  • Heart
  • Kidneys
  • Fluid Retention